Do you expect a graduation in May? Then you will not be able to avoid the analysis of the inarticulate text. It is part of an oral exam in the English language. Today you will learn how to analyze non-artistic text and see what to do.
For example, an excerpt from a textbook or a bill, an invitation, an excerpt from a newspaper article, or a poster may appear as a non-artistic text in the school-leaving exam. The analysis itself is not difficult, but it is necessary to pay attention to the small things that we usually do not perceive. How to start the analysis?
Analysis of Non-Artistic Text: Determine the Form, Functional Style and Style
You can start by saying what you are going to discuss. Do you have an invitation to the ball? Excerpt from the reportage? Missive? In what functional style is it written? Remember the styles and features of the functional style you should know:
- Broadcasting (invitation, poster, personal correspondence, ad, poll)
- Journalist (report, commentary, reportage, review, interview)
- Professional (professional description, description of the workflow, explanation, lecture)
- Administrative (CV, application, complaint, official letter, order)
- Artistic (will not be in this part of GCSE; narration, make-up, characteristic)
Next, specify a style procedure. Often there are more of them in the text, so emphasize the prevailing one and mention that in some passages the author has applied another. See what style you know from school:
When analyzing non-artistic text, justify everything consistently
Everything you say, be sure to provide the best quotation from the text. Each functional style has features that need to be pinned.
Administrative functional style is characterized by brevity, objectivity and standardization. This means that the text and its arrangement is not creative, and follows an established standard. Language is always literary, impersonal structures and passive generations are used (owed, rewritten, rejected), fixed wording (turn to request, enter into force) and specific terms (time, invoice). The most commonly used style is informative.
A professional functional style transmits accurate information from different disciplines. It is objective, clear, unambiguous and factual. The composition of the text is logical and sophisticated, often containing illustrations in written form. The author uses professional terminology (monitor, lens, condenser), but the degrees of expertise vary according to the recipient (for laymen and specialists in the field). The language is standard, the most common style is descriptive or interpretative.
Advice! The language page is important in the analysis. Already at first reading, note whether the text is written in standard form or general English, and whether it contains, for example, archaisms, terms, emotionally colored expressions or publicisms.
The journalistic functional style has an agitating, communicative or recreational function. It is current, dynamic (more frequent occurrence of short sentences than complex sentences) and comprehensible. The journalistic text includes subtitles, subtitles and subtitles, photographs and descriptions of them and perex (a short paragraph at the beginning of the text, often in bold or italics). The prevalent language is prevalent, the occurrence of publicisms is frequent (cooling of relationships, political scene, shadow of doubt, mapping the situation). The informative, but also interpretative and reflective approach is applied.
The communicative functional style is the style of day-to-day communication, its goal is to convey information or emotional attitude. The form is loose, not subject to any standards. Most commonly used is general language (horrible, buy) or slang (komp, hákovat, ájina), frequent are particles, interjections or pronouns, cotton wool (just, look, so) and emotionally colored words. Deviations from the sentence structure are also common. The style process can be informative, descriptive or narrative.
Deviations from regular sentence structure: How do they look?
Anakolut is a derangement from sentence. The sentence ends differently than its beginning requires. “A child, when he is small, doesn’t want to go to sleep at all.”
Zeugma is a neglect of double bonding. “Use the underpass to come and go to the trains.”
Contamination is the crossing of different bonds. Prevent Something + Prevent Something = Prevent Something (WRONG).
Attraction is a composition of shapes. The shapes of neighboring words are mutually conforming to each other. “A lot of people don’t get it.”
The next step is to determine the coefficients. Two types are distinguished: objective and subjective. For example, the subjective factor is the age of the author, his life experience, or his traits. Objective factors include environment and situation, contact with the recipient, readiness or unpreparedness of the author and the officialness or unofficialness of the text.
Your task is to assess which factors in the text predominate and to what extent it affects its overall tone.
What is horizontal and vertical text breakdown?
Vertical and horizontal breakdown is another element that you need to address in analyzing non-artistic text. These are two graphical types of breakdown characteristic of different functional styles.
Horizontal text division can occur in all functional styles, but it is typical mainly for artistic, journalistic and communicative. Text is divided into paragraphs and aligned mostly to the left margin, usually has a title or chapter title.
Advice! An illustration can also be part of the non-artistic text. Remember to say what his function is. Graphs readers clearly show statistical data, the painting of Alexander the Great in the textbook wants to bring the time closer, or just to attract and attract attention.
Most often, the vertical breakdown of the text can be found in the functional style of professional or administrative, sometimes in the journalistic style. It can be recognized by bullets, numbering, various font formats or illustrative images. Text can be centered (for example, invitations). This breakdown is used to make the text more transparent and you will most often find it in textbooks.
Finally, the occurrence and predicted recipient of the text remains to be determined. Where would you find the text you entered in everyday life and for whom it is probably intended? For high school students, mothers on maternity leave, nuclear physics experts, residents of a particular city or region?