Any literary work, be it prose or poetry, consists of three layers – linguistic, thematic and compositional. The language resources of the tropics and figures belong to the language layer, in which we find the sound arrangement of the sounds, the vocabulary used and various means of expression. It is a specific use of the language so that the reader is deliberately called upon to feel specific. If we can find and recognize them in the text, the resulting reading effect is all the more intense.
Language means and figures
Listing a complete list of all existing figures would not only be lengthy, but also almost impossible. There is a whole range of figures and they disappear over time and new ones arise. However, there are popular starters among them, which have been used in literature since time immemorial and are widely used today. To put it simply, figures are artistic means that use words and individual letters. They then combine, omit, or repeat differently to achieve a certain effect on the reader. These linguistic means have an aesthetic or expressive function, often deviating from the standard or standard language. The figures are divided into four groups: phonetic, syntactic, word-order and evaluation. Take a look at the most frequently selected poetic means for graduation.
Language resources and tropics
Unlike figures that play with voices and words, tropics refer to wildcards. It is an indirect, figurative naming of reality or it is a transfer of the meaning of words. When analyzing artistic text, we often encounter the name of a thing, a person, or an object that is usually used for something else. Then another abstract property arises from the connection. Like the figures, the tropics are supposed to exert a certain effect, emotion or feeling on the reader.
- Metaphor: Meaning is transmitted on the basis of external similarity – it’s a dragon (about man)
- Metonymy: Meaning Is Transmitted by Internal Similarity – Played by Mozart
- Synecdoche: confusing the whole for part or vice versa – the whole of Prague was cheering
- Personification: attributing human qualities to animals or inanimate objects – heaven cried
- The epithet: the so-called poetic attribute – beautiful
- Oxymoron: the union of two contradictory terms – I am at the source and thirsty
- Allegory: allegory, apparent form or word refers to something else, hidden
- When someone asks what language means is using, you will be able to name them sovereignly. A little help – there is definitely a metaphor, metonymy, personification, epithet and oxymoron.